Many people assign a higher value to fetal life when fetuses reach viability. Therefore, some people are concerned about the idea or rejection of late terminations, while they consider that early terminations are no problem or at least less problematic. But as U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ginsberg recently pointed out, “the most common method of performing second-trimester abortions is no less troubling or subject to cruel descriptions.” 15 In practice, late interruptions are rare. The majority is performed for fetal abnormalities in otherwise desired pregnancies; A minority is made to save a woman`s life or to prevent serious permanent damage to her health. Complications can occur in any pregnancy, but the inability to obtain an abortion for medical reasons will likely place a special burden on pregnant patients with chronic diseases and disabilities, including psychiatric disorders, diabetes and heart disease. Pregnancy can take years of her life, but that would not be enough for her to get an abortion in states that only provide an exception in cases of a “medical emergency” that “requires immediate execution or the suggestion of an abortion.” The Code imposes an obligation on the heads of working groups to create an atmosphere of acceptance and respect for conscientious objection. It states that the group leader shall ensure that there is an atmosphere of ethical standards and tolerance for the diversity of professional opinions, and undertakes not to act if one of its members raises a reasoned scientific or conscientious rejection. Thus, according to the Code, there is no place for moral violence on the Teamwork site. It is more humane and morally worthy to live together in freedom and, thanks to conscientious objection, to respect the convictions of all than to impose on oneself, even one, the withdrawal of one`s own convictions.

The question, again, is how to judge when life begins, in an ethical sense. Legally, as I said, the fetus is not a “person” and only becomes a right-wing entity at birth. But attempts to establish “viability” as a criterion for abortion run counter to the problem that viability depends in part on where the fetus is at present; If it is located in an area with excellent facilities to care for very premature babies, it can be considered “viable” at an earlier gestational age, as if it were elsewhere. From every point of view, it is arbitrary. Conservative opposition to abortion stems from the belief that the fetus is a human being, with the same rights as any human being born, from the beginning of pregnancy. Some conservative groups – such as the Catholic Church – consider the fetus to be a human being with all moral rights, even before the onset of pregnancy, which occurs when the embryo implants in the womb. The Church considers the embryo from conception (the connection of sperm and egg) as a human being in its own right. Indeed, at conception, the embryo receives its own unique genetic code, different from that of its mother or father. Therefore, Catholic doctrine considers conception, not implantation, as the beginning of a person`s life. In health care facilities, conscientious objection can be a source of serious conflict.

The relationship between ideologically indifferent or pro-abortion health care managers and opponents is very complex. Administrators are often fascinated by two aspirations: the machine efficiency of their management and the servile desire to please the hierarchy. It is not easy for them to look sympathetically at anyone who breaks the regular rhythm of uniform and planned work. Hospital or health managers who are obsessed with reducing the economic cost of medical care and maintaining the optimal functioning of the health machine tend to view any exception or exemption as a disturbing inconvenience. Physicians may consider the pregnant woman`s actual or reasonably foreseeable environment when assessing the risk of injury to her health. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being that does not exist only in the absence of infirmity.” According to Evidence-Based Guideline No. Even in purely civil-ethical reasoning, a truly democratic and pluralistic society should recognize the right to ethical pluralism of institutions, including public ones, which would allow hospitals to autonomously opt for conscientious objection to abortion. So it`s no surprise that a doctor`s refusal to consent to an abortion is met with contempt, because it`s not just about the inconvenience of not receiving what you`re asking for on the spot, or the effort to go elsewhere to get what you`re looking for. The opponent`s refusal to abort is considered a moral insult. There are conceptual difficulties in attributing personality to an invisible, inaccessible, physically contained and connected entity to the woman, who completely lacks ability, and who cannot interact with others at all before birth. In everyday life, such an idea, if it had legal effect, would lead to strange results.

Pregnant women may need to buy two tickets each time they use public transport to avoid being prosecuted for fetal “fare evasion”. Seriously, if fetuses were “people,” it would pave the way for prosecution for alleged misconduct of pregnant women whose behavior would have affected the well-being of the fetus in some way. Under the terms of a 1993 Canadian Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies (cited in St. George`s): “Any decision made by the woman regarding her body affects the fetus and may result in tort.” 14 After the failed attempts to overthrow Roe, a new strategy to restrict abortion was developed. This strategy included banning certain abortion methods, such as partial abortion, imposing time limits based on allegations of fetal sensitivity, and imposing restrictions on clinics and doctors performing abortions in the name of protecting maternal health. In the case of the three statements sometimes cited by abortion opponents, trends generally point in the opposite direction. Republicans are more likely than Democrats to say that any statement reflects their views “extremely” or “very” well, as are Protestants (especially white evangelical Protestants) and Catholics compared to religiously unaffiliated people. In addition, older Americans are more likely than young adults to say that human life begins with conception and that easy access to abortion favors unprotected sex. The change in the composition of the Court has encouraged several states to enact abortion bans much earlier than viability.